When teaching a language, the teacher should try to make students get engaged in learning.
Sometimes, when a student is totally engaged, he /she achieves flow, he/she is totally immersed in the activity.
- Engagement: Learner is alert, pays attention, notices, reflects and asks questions, he /she is willing to participate, becomes independent, interactive and chooses how to learn depending on the learning style (leader / follower)
Teachers should help learners notice. After noticing comes "languaging", understanding and remembering.
- What is Language Awareness approach?
It is when learners constuct concious knowledge about language. They investigate language coninuously, they talk analyticaly about language, they explore and discover, they become independent.
- What is languaging?
Talking about language, so that we can analyse and understand how it works.
- Anxiety can affect learners negatively : They can get lower grades, have impaired performance and decreased self perception, overstudy, get thoughts of failure, it is difficult for them to absorb information and their speed and accuracy decreases, as well as their communication quality and linguistic confidence.
It is very important for a teacher to create a low anxiety environment.